Separation of Gaussian and Laguerre-Gaussian Laser Modes

For my research project, I will answer the question “Can we design an optical element that physically separates the different modes of Gaussian and Laguerre-Gaussian beams? My project deals with lasers, which are highly focused beams of monochromatic electromagnetic radiation, usually in the form of light. Lasers emit radiation in a few different “modes.” These “modes” correspond to the beam spot’s overall shape and appearance. To analyze the behavior of light, we can shine lasers through optical elements, such as lenses and irises. Different optical elements allow us to manipulate the light differently, perhaps by diffracting it, refracting it, or modifying its properties.

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