Emerging Small Animal Diseases – Part 3

Hello to everyone once again! I’m finishing up my paper, but there are still quite a few things left to say here on the blog to provide an accurate summary.

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Emerging Small Animal Diseases – Part 2

After studying FIV, I moved on to canine diseases. I will discuss two of them in this post.

The first is canine parvovirus. It appeared in 1978 and immediately attracted a lot of attention, because of the severity of the symptoms and high mortality in infected puppies. The researchers quickly isolated the infectious agent, named CPV-2 (there had been an outbreak of similar but milder disease several years prior, and the virus that caused it was named CPV-1, but it differs significantly from CPV-2); however, the virus quickly evolved and in a few years new strains appeared: CPV-2a, CPV-2b and later CPV-2c. These currently remain dominant, yet the virus continues to mutate and new strains keep emerging.

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Emerging Small Animal Diseases, Part 1

After many hours of studying a great number of scholarly articles and after several interviews I’m finally in the process of compiling the most important information in an essay. I will share here some of my findings:

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Emerging Diseases in Small Domestic Animals

Most people know something about emerging human diseases. While the amounts of possessed factual knowledge vary from person to person, most people recognize the names Avian flu, SARS, Lime disease and others. Emerging animal diseases, such as FIV (feline immunodeficiency Virus), are not nearly as widely known, yet it is a topic of significant importance. About 38% of households in USA own at least one dog and about 33% own at least one cat; therefore, small animal pet owners, who would be aggrieved to find their pet a victim on a new ailment, constitute a large portion of the American population. Moreover, certain animal diseases, zoonotic diseases, can eventually find hosts among humans and become a concern for human health. While most such diseases originate from the livestock, some of them can be transmitted by household  pets. For these reasons, there is a need for constant and diligent survaillance of emerging diseases among small, as well as large, animals.

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