Summary (Finally!)

At the beginning of this summer, I set out to answer quite a few questions, all about the name erasure of the 25th dynasty of Egyptian pharaohs. We had briefly touched on this and other erasures in my 2-semester long Deciphering Ancient Egypt course, taught by my research advisor Professor Jeremy Pope. Large numbers of statues and monuments from the 25th dynasty Kushite Period are damaged. This erasure is often attributed to the Saite (26th dynasty) Psamtik II as a campaign of damnatio memoriae, permanently erasing someone’s name, and thus memory, from the public record.

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3 – An Insight into Museum Workings and Some Discoveries

After weeks of silence in regards to my letter to the Egyptian Museum Cairo (EMC) regarding my viewing items in storage, I (at the urging of my best friend) took another trip to the museum, prepared to knock on some doors until I got answers.

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2 – Modern Day Parallels re: Egypt vs Sudan

Hey guys! I realize I am a bit late with all of these updates – so they’re all coming at once instead of one by one when I actually did the research. That being said, here is part 2 of my research,concerning hostilities between Egypt and Sudan, and if they might be at all connected to the conflict between the 25th and 26th dynasties.

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1 – A Study in Alabaster and Granite

A few days ago, I visited the Egyptian Museum here in Cairo a second time, this time with the intention of seeing monuments with name erasure on display. While I had been guided through the puzzling maze of numbered rooms and halls a week earlier by a tour guide, she hadn’t thought the late period (specifically the 25th and 26th dynasties) important enough to mention, which I suppose is fair considering Tutankhamun’s funeral mask is on display in another wing. So I made my way through the cacophony of beautiful languages being shouted around me, trying to find the Late Period section in a badly labeled and very disorganized treasure trove of chaos. The museum leads you in a circle around the center hall, moving from the Old Kingdom to Ptolemaic times, but the rooms are numbered from left to right going back and forth across this hall. Which meant that my rooms, 25 and 30, ended up right next to each other. Luckily, I immediately found the two pieces I knew the museum kept on display, a statue of Amenirdis I (daughter of Kashta, one of the first of the 25th dynasty kings, and one of the Gods’ Wives of Amun), and The Triumphal Stela of Piye (commemorating the consolidation of his rule over Egypt as the first ruler in the 25th dynasty). Both had obvious name erasures: In the stela’s case, Piye’s imposing figure is erased, and the question remains if the damage to the cartouche on his right was intentionally erased or just a byproduct of the destruction of Piye’s figure. The figure whose cartouche was erased on this stela could potentially be a 23rd dynasty king of Egypt, one whose name seems to be erased from a statue of Osiris as well. If that’s the case, this whole story becomes a lot more involved than just 25th dynasty name erasures.

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