Looking at leadership through the eyes of John W. Gardner: Post 2

In my last post, I discussed the books by John Gardner that I had read thus far (Individual Differences in Level of Aspiration, On Leadership, and Excellence: can we be equal and excellent too?). In this post, I will briefly discuss Gardner’s remaining works and provide some of the data that I have collected that supports my hypothesis.

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Looking at leadership through the eyes of John W. Gardner: Post 1

I started this project with the intention of understanding the decline of citizen participation in democracy and the increase in the focus on and importance of strong leadership throughout the twentieth and twenty-first centuries by conducting a literature review of leadership literature during that time period. This was a rather daunting, slightly unrealistic task, so, after receiving guidance from my research advisor, I am tweaking my project slightly. Instead of conducting a scattered literature review of all literature on leadership from the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, I am reviewing the literature of John W. Gardner – a psychologist; a teacher; a former Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare; a civic leader; a champion of social issues. Studying the writings of John Gardner works well for this project because his life spans the time period I want to examine (1912-2002), he wrote about leadership, and he reflects well the public opinion of the time because he helped to create public opinion. So far, I have researched the life of John Gardner and read three of his writings (Individual Differences in Level of Aspiration; On Leadership; Excellence, can we be equal and excellent too?); I will expound upon each below.

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Blog 3- Conclusions and Charts

This is my final post, so I’d like to share some of the conclusions I have made from studying the Arab Spring.

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Blog 1- Digital Media and Democratic Transitions

I have chipped away at literature on the Arab Spring for about a month now, and have read a few different accounts of the events that occurred during 2011 in the Middle East and North Africa. My initial goal was to see what impact social media had in instigating and organizing protest, but the more I understand the issues at play, the more I realize that digital media was just a tool in a much larger and complicated progression of events. Digital media played a major role in forming the protests, but the results involved a complicated strategy game between the opposition and governmental regimes.

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