There is No Vulgarity in Revolt Part 1: The Role of Conflict in the Formation of Vorticism

“The Mud Bath” -David Bomberg, 1914 Photo from the Tate Gallery

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Richmond’s No. 1 Fan: A Brief History of the Fan District

Hello dear reader,

Today I write to you, not from the City of Richmond, but from the equally urban City of Detroit. Well…more specifically, the suburban-ish outskirts of Detroit, fondly referred to as Redford Township. My apologies for not updating you sooner, but the last few days left little opportunity for blogging. The last two days were spent on the road, as we quite literally went over the hill and through the woods to grandmother’s house. Before we left, however, I managed to collect several great resources on the history of both the Fan and architecture, successfully acquire a library card, and learn from experience that 10 books is too many to fit in a bike basket – especially when biking against traffic on a one way street.

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Oil, Blood, and Spirits: Pipelines and the Disruption of Sacred Grounds – abstract

Our 8th grade history textbooks preach of the glorious reach of a nation “from sea to shining sea”. A manifest destiny for the United States, somehow ignoring the accompanying genocide of American Indians and the underlying purpose of expansion: slavery.  The pattern continues. American Indian and slave burial grounds have been disrupted by our nation’s “progress” for years – as close as in Richmond, where the construction of a baseball stadium took place directly on top of an old African-American burial ground. It is the same manifest destiny, the same progress that drives the destruction of our natural splendor – from Alaskan oil extraction to fracking to the pollution of waterways. Supporting this effort to exsanguinate every last vein of these United States is the construction of pipelines — a drip that only extracts and fails to replenish.

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Research Update 2: A History of the Passing Game in Pro Football

Pre-NFL (1880-1919)

While the roots of American Football can be traced back to the 17th century, the game as we know it today did not really begin to take shape until 1880. While the first game of intercollegiate “American Football” was famously played between Rutgers and Yale in 1869, it hardly resembled today’s game. Beginning in 1880, Walter Camp, the “Father of American Football” added stability to the game at annual intercollegiate rules conferences. He proposed that the number of players on the field at a time be reduced from 15 to 11 from each team. He also added the line of scrimmage and the snap from center to quarterback to add form and order to the game. In 1882 he proposed the first down and distance rules, originally requiring an offense to travel a minimum of five yards in three plays; a failure to do so would be a turnover.

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