Abstract: When Collective Security Abandoned Abyssinia

At the advent of World War Two, the geo-political state of the world was filled with aggression and chaos. The throes of the Great Depression were racking the world’s economic systems, new and destructive ideologies were sweeping through national governments, and at the center of it all, the newly created League of Nations, a supranational organization designed to arbitrate peace and promote prosperity, was failing to prevent war and other aggressive actions from nations. This failing of the League of Nations is known to be total, but the significant part of the failure, the reason why the League of Nations failed, is a question that needs to be thoroughly answered. I am conducting this research project to discover why and how the League of Nations’ governing bodies failed or were unable to abide by its collective security mandate during the Abyssinia Crisis.

[Read more…]

Abstract: A Study of U.S. State-Building Policies

Since the end of World War II, the United States has been constantly intervening in the affairs of other states in order to promote their overall capacity to function as countries. These intrusions breed very different results. Often times they are huge successes and move the country in question forward or they fall short of their estimated goals and end up hurting said state. In a world where the U.S. is being called on both to increase its foreign presence and cut back on it, it is vital in understanding how the United State’s state-building policies function and how they can be utilized in the most effective manner. Understanding the specific details of each nation that the United States has tried to rebuild, and how factors such as economic level, threat level, and population composition have played a role in the outcome of the state building efforts are vital in looking ahead and reaching decisions on which states to intervene in and which not to. Additionally, it is just as important to analyze the methods the U.S. employed in each state because they serve as key indicators on which types of intervention were successes and which were failures. By studying both the methodology of the U.S. and the conditions of the host nations in multiple case studies, it is possible to infer the ideal situations in which U.S. state- building would have the best outcomes.

Conclusions from Research: Bandwagoning, Buckpassing and Balancing

Hello all, after this summer’s research session, I came to some conclusions regarding great power reactions to threat. I’ve listed many here, along with reasoning and examples that support them.

[Read more…]

Terms and a Case Study

Hi, Cole Pearce again, this blog post details some basic terminology of great power politics as well as delving into one of the historical case studies.

[Read more…]