Abstract: The History, Function, and Significance of Semaphore Telegraph Towers

I will conduct research on semaphore telegraph tower systems, the technology which was the fastest method of communication in existence from the 1790s until the invention of the electric telegraph and Morse code in the 1830s. The system consisted of lines of towers which crossed the countryside, set at distances so that each could be seen by the next, with arrangements of mechanical shutters or hinged arms on top. An operator manipulated the shutters or arms to spell a message in code, and the operator of the next tower would observe the message, and repeat it for the following tower’s operator to repeat, and so on.

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Understanding the Role of Technology in Both Building and Dismantling Capitalism – Abstract

Capitalism is the only economic system currently in use in the world, so understanding it is extremely important. Technology plays a major role in capitalism, and is becoming more prominent in day to day life as well. Most leftist theory so far has overlooked technology, seeing it mainly as a tool of capitalism to either overthrow or repurpose after the revolution. I believe that ignoring the revolutionary role technology can play in dismantling capitalism is a fatal flaw, and would like to remedy that.

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Comparative Analysis of How Governments Introduce Non-Lethal Weapons

I will conduct a comparative analysis of how governments go about introducing non-lethal weapons to their targets and address public concerns over the proliferation of such technology. Non-lethal weapons are weapons, devices, and munitions that are specifically designed and used to quickly incapacitate targeted personnel while minimizing damage to the target and to the infrastructure or environment surrounding the target.

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