Protests of Wukan

Wukan is a coastal village located in Guangdong province, southeast China. Wukan breeds about 13000 people or 2600 households. As other rural areas in China, Wukan is poor and less developed, compared to coastal cities. Therefore, villagers, who usually graduate from middle schools, are ready to leave their hometown for modern cities in search of jobs and opportunities. Others who live and stay in Wukan either work in local businesses, such as running a grocery store or a restaurant, or work as farmers or fishermen. Land is an essential part of peasant’s assets in China. In Wukan, most households own land inherited from their ancestors. Land owners usually use their land for domestic or business purposes. In addition to private ownership, much more land is owned collectively by the Wukan people as a whole. The communal land should be managed by the Village Committee (VC), which, according to Organic Law of Village Committees, is a “primary mass organization of self-government” (Article II) in village level in China. The “primary organization of Communist Party of China in the countryside” works with the VC. All members of the VC shall be elected directly by all eligible villagers, according to the Organic Law (Article XI). Members of the party’s primary organization are elected by village’s party members, which is around one hundred.

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